Beginning Basic Obedience                                                         SIT

 

Why:

·        The SIT is a very useful command. 

·        You can use it whenever you want to get your dog under control. 

·        You can utilize this command to solve many behavior problems. 

·        It is a very easy command for dogs to learn. 

·        It is usually the first command that people teach their dog.

 

How:

Stage One -  Introduction to command and the sit in front.

·        Frontal Sit - Begin by teaching your dog to sit directly in front of you facing you.  This is often referred to as the frontal sit.

·        Word Association - You must begin with word association and show your dog what you mean by sit.  (Just like you would show someone who doesn’t speak your language.  Because your dog doesn’t understand your language at first.)

·        Start Off Leash - It is best if you begin teaching your dog to sit without using a leash or collar.  Instead you want to use food in one hand to guide the dog into position.  Most dogs will sit on their own if a piece of food is used to guide their nose upward above their head. 

·        Tone of Voice - Your tone of voice should be more of a request than a firm command.  You are asking your dog to sit.

·        Timing of Command - Give the command once the dog is in the correct position so that he will learn what it means to sit. 

·        You can also combine your verbal praise and food reward with the command in this beginning stage.  (Fido sits and you say “Good sit!” while at the same time giving him the food.)

·        Alternate Method - For the dog that won’t drop his bottom when his nose goes up, have the dog positioned so that his side is facing you and while one hand uses the food to guide his nose upward use your other hand to stroke the dog along his back, around his rump, and stop just behind his knees where you can gently get him to tuck in his rear. 

·        What Not To Do - It is important at this introductory stage to not force the dog into a sit by yanking upward on his collar and pressing down on his hips.  You can injure a young dog by using force and you will not instill a positive foundation for the command.

·        End of Introductory Stage - Once the dog understands what sit means you can give the command and then as soon as the correct position is assumed give verbal praise and food reward.

 

Stage Two -  Fine tuning the command and the sit at your left side.

·        So after many, many training sessions you’ve got the frontal sit nailed.  Now teach your dog to SIT along your left side.

·        Place a small piece of food in your left hand, give the command, use the food to steer your dog into position, simultaneously give verbal praise and food reward when correct position is assumed.

 

Reinforcement:

·        Have your dog sit to receive his meals or any treats.  (This reinforces the command.)

·        Have your dog sit before you open any doors (including car doors).  (This is so you can gain control over your dog.) (This is of course only if your dog is with you at the time.)

·        Have your dog sit before you pet him.  (This is so he learns he must work for everything he wants.)

·        During HEELING, have your dog SIT every time you stop.  Eventually you won’t have to give the command to SIT, your dog will sit automatically whenever you come to a stop.  This is known as the AUTO-SIT.